English and ESL

  • ENGLISH

    Graduation requirements include four (4.0) credits in English during grades 9-12. Specific English course options are required [R] each year in grades 9-12.

     

    [R] English 9 A
    [SBG] Applied
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3010-2
    Prerequisite: None
    This course is the first section of a two-trimester 9th grade English requirement. It is a foundations course in basic literary exploration, composition and language study, focusing particularly on writing process, reading process, academic vocabulary and poetic forms, and dramatic theory. 

    AND

    [R] English 9 B
    [SBG] Applied 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3010-3
    Prerequisite: English 9 A
    This course is the second section of a two-trimester 9th grade English requirement. It is a foundations course in dramatic theory, historical context as it applies to literature, memoir, epic poetry, archaic language, and character analysis.

    OR

    Honors English 9 A
    [SBG] Applied 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3012-2
    Prerequisite: None
    This course is the first section of a two-trimester 9th grade Honors English requirement. It is an advanced foundations course blending anchor texts with linking texts that focus particularly on writing process, reading strategies, vocabulary, and poetic forms. Study has rigorous, accelerated pacing and is independently driven.

    AND

    Honors English 9 B
    [SBG] Applied 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3012-3
    Prerequisite: Honors English 9 A
    This course is the second section of a two-trimester 9th grade Honors English requirement. It is an advanced foundations course blending anchor texts with linking texts that focus particularly on dramatic theory, historical context as it applies to literature, memoir, epic poetry, archaic language, and character analysis. Study has rigorous, accelerated pacing and is independently driven.

    Literacy Across the Content Areas
    2 Trimesters - 1.0 Credit
    Course #: 3004-45
    Co-requisite: Core Content Courses
    This class focuses on developing reading comprehension, word identification strategies, and writing process skills necessary for success in English and cross curricular courses. Students will receive instruction based on diagnostic and content based assessments.

    [R] English 10 A
    [SBG] Applied 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3020-2
    Prerequisite: none
    The goal of English 10 Section A is to continue to build a solid foundation of knowledge, skills, and strategies that will be refined, applied, and extended as students engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks. The students will analyze the role of self in relation to an equitable and just society. Students will be introduced to the various genres of classic and contemporary narrative texts. Tenth graders in Section A will analyze through critical interpretation and response.

    AND

    [R] English 10 B
    [SBG] Applied 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3020-3
    Prerequisite: English 10 A
    The goal of Section B is to continue to build upon knowledge, skills, and strategies gained in English 10 A by applying, interpreting, and analyzing the role of self in relation to an equitable and just society. Tenth graders in Section B will be introduced to modern American literature through research and critical analysis of various texts and media sources.  

    OR

    Honors English 10 A
    [SBG] Applied 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3022-2
    Prerequisite: None
    The goal of the rigorous, accelerated language arts course to continue to build a solid foundation of knowledge, skills, and strategies that will be refined, applied, and extended as students engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks. Students will be introduced to various genres within American Literature. Honors English 10 students will exhibit superior skills in various forms of reading, writing, and public speaking. This course is designed for students who have previously excelled in the area of English Language Arts. Students will be taught the MLA format.

    AND

    Honors English 10 B
    [SBG] Applied 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3022-3 
    Prerequisite: Honors English 10 A
    The goal of Honors English 10 Section B is continue to build upon knowledge, skills, and strategies gained in Section A by applying, interpreting, analyzing, and creating. In this rigorous, accelerated course the students will engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks through a close contextual reading of more Modern American Literature. This course is designed for students who have previously excelled in the area of English Language Arts.

    [R] English 11 A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3030-2
    Prerequisite: None
    English 11 A, a rigorous course, builds on the solid foundation from English 10 A and B. The skills and strategies extend and engage the students in more complex ideas and prepare them for the Michigan Merit Exam and post-secondary experience. Students read classic and contemporary narrative and informational texts with a special emphasis on British and Post-Colonial literature. Formative and summative assessments include essays, performances, projects, and presentations.

    AND

    [R] English 11 B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3030-3
    Prerequisite: English 11 A
    English 11 B continues to build on the various genres of classic, contemporary narrative, and informational texts read and analyzed in English 11 A. Through the study of transformational literature, students connect, respond, and analyze various texts in order to reflect on personal ambitions, expectations, goals, and preparation for collegiate level studies. Formative and summative assessments will include essays, performances, and presentations. Students will engage in discussion through literature circles.

    OR – Honors Level

    Honors English 11 A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3032-2
    Prerequisite: None
    Honors English 11 A, an accelerated course focusing on British and Post-Colonial literature, builds on the solid foundation from Honors English 10 A and B. The skills and strategies extend and engage students in more complex ideas in preparation for the Michigan Merit Exam, College English, AP Literature and/or AP Language and Composition, and the post-secondary experience. Students read classic literature that includes Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Blake. Students use informational texts to master the argumentative essay. Formative and summative assessments include essays, performances, projects, and presentations.

    AND

    Honors English 11 B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3032-3
    Prerequisite: Honors English A
    Honors English 11 B continues to build on the various genres of classic, contemporary narrative, and informational texts read and analyzed in Honors English 11 A. Through study of transformational literature, students expand their analysis to include historical and cultural perspectives. Students provide in-depth response and analysis to various texts in order to reflect on personal ambitions, expectations, goals, and preparation for collegiate level studies. Students read contemporary narratives that include Orwell, Dangarembga, and Bellamy. Formative and summative assessments will include essays, performances, and presentations.

    English 12 A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3040-2
    Prerequisite: English 11
    Students will synthesize information, ideas, and themes to understand the past, the present, and to think innovatively about the future. They will demonstrate their acquired knowledge and skills in a senior project. Through the lens of Leadership Qualities, they will identify and apply their own leadership skills and prepare for responsible action as American citizens in the context of a global world by envisioning a new view of the world, determining when to take risks, and knowing when to stand up for what they believe to be right. 

    AND

    English 12 B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3040-3
    Prerequisite: English 12 A
    Students will continue to develop their leadership qualities in preparation for post-secondary education. Course components include studying a variety of texts, media types, transference of information in its many forms, organizing and evaluating resources, solving problems, working in groups, demonstrating an ability to use technology, and communicating ideas in verbal and written forms. 

    OR

    College English A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3042-2
    Prerequisite: None
    This course is recommended for seniors who have had some work in Honors English courses. It introduces students to extensive reading in world literature and humanities. A re-emphasis and extension of writing skills will focus on style and logic. Both problem solving and research papers are required.

    AND

    College English B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3042-3
    Prerequisite: College English A
    This is the second section of College English.

     

    ADVANCED PLACEMENT ENGLISH COURSES
    Due to the rigor of AP courses, students are strongly encouraged to complete a summer assignment as suggested by the AP teacher. Content from summer assignments will be included on an assessment during the first trimester. A packet with detailed course information is available in the principal’s office.

     

    [AP] [W] [C] Advanced Placement English: Language and Composition 
    3 Trimesters - 1.5 Credits
    Course #: 3091-789
    Prerequisite: None
    This course will enable students to write effectively and confidently in their college courses and in their professional life. It emphasizes expository, analytical, and argumentative writing and reading of non-fiction articles, essays, and full-length works. Students will learn to analyze and synthesize this material and to use conventions correctly to cite works in MLA, Chicago, and APA styles. The course will help students move beyond the typical five-paragraph essay and to write more maturely. This course may be taken by itself or followed by AP English: Literature and Composition.

    [AP] [W] [C] Advanced Placement English: Literature and Composition 
    3 Trimesters - 1.5 Credits
    Course #: 3092-789
    Prerequisite: None
    Students are introduced to writing styles which are adaptable to different college level writing needs. Included are the reading and oral/written analysis of varieties of discursive prose with the purpose of enabling students to produce effective writing. Students develop critical standards for appreciation of any literary work.

     

    STRATEGIC READING AND LITERACY ESSENTIALS
    Strategic Reading or Literacy Essentials in the Secondary Classroom is required for students reading below grade level as indicated by diagnostic assessments and is in addition to the required 9th and/or 10th grade English course. Students are placed into the appropriate course based on need.

    Strategic Reading – Beginning Readers
    3 Trimesters - 1.5 Credits
    Course #: 3001-789
    Co-requisite: English 9
    This course focuses on the foundational areas of literacy instruction: individual reading growth, reading comprehension and critical thinking, word knowledge and vocabulary, speaking and writing about selected texts, and reading topics. Students will receive instruction based on diagnostic assessments to increase their reading and writing.

    Literacy Essentials in the Secondary Classroom 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3002-456
    Grade: 9th grade year
    Scheduling Note: This course may be taken 1, 2, or 3 trimesters based on the student’s independent reading level
    This course is designed to help students improve their independent reading level and increase reading comprehension, word identification strategies, and fluency. This class provides balanced literacy instruction in reading and writing. Students will receive instruction based on diagnostic assessments to increase their instructional level using read-alouds, shared reading, guided reading and independent reading. Genre studies will include fiction, nonfiction, articles, textbooks and other written material. Successful completion of the course will help students succeed in cross curricular classes.

    ENGLISH ELECTIVE COURSES


    African-American Literature
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3062-1
    Prerequisite: None
    This is an exploratory course that examines the writings and teachings of African-American literary figures. The course will begin with the Harlem Renaissance and move through the decades, ending with the current times. Through the use of guest speakers, short stories, novels and films, the social political and historical perspectives of African-Americans will be examined.

    Creative Writing 
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3050-1
    Prerequisite: None
    This course focuses on the writing of prose and poetry. While the works of professional writers will be examined, primary emphasis will be on developing the student’s own writing style, technical vocabulary, and critical analysis. Students should expect an intensive writing experience, both in and out of class.

    Journalism
    [SBG] Applied 
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3056-1
    Prerequisite: None
    This introductory course is for students who wish to participate in the production of school publications or are considering a professional career in journalism. Students will study journalism ethics, student press law and writing in the categories of news, editorial, feature and sports. Photojournalism and desktop publishing will also be topics of study.

    (Advanced) Journalism 
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3057-456
    Prerequisite: Journalism 
    Scheduling Note: May be elected for 1, 2, or 3 trimesters. A minimum of two consecutive trimesters is recommended. This is an advanced skills course for students producing the school newspaper. Writing, typing, photography, page design, and advertising sales are included.

    Literature Through Films
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3058-1
    Prerequisite: None
    Students will explore various models of discourse using film. Students will develop analytical writing skills in critical review of the literature.

    Novels of Choice
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3059-1
    Prerequisite: None
    This course stresses reading and writing. Students will select and read novels of their choice from the list of books approved by KPS and analyze them, both verbally and in writing.

    Yearbook 
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    3 Trimesters - 1.5 Credits
    Course #: 1570-789
    Prerequisite: Application and yearbook instructor recommendation is required. Students should have experience and be able to demonstrate their skills in one or more of the following: computer, typing, photography, operation of cameras, and writing. This course may be elected more than once.  May be offered as an extra-curricular activity for no credit. Check with your counselor.
    Students participate in production of the school yearbook. Students are responsible for photography, layout, copywriting, advertising, and book sales.

    ENGLISH PERFORMANCE-BASED ELECTIVES
    Debate
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3051-1
    Prerequisite: None
    Students will learn the fundamentals of debating. Debate classes will either explore Legislative or Policy Debate styles. The class will develop extensive research skills, abilities in proper procedure, and effective strategies for persuasive speaking. Students will judge, and be judged, by their peers on argumentation ability, delivery style, knowledge of the topic, and decorum. Participation at a local tournament may be required.

    Drama I – Acting for the Stage
    [SBG] Applied
    [MAC] Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3052-1
    Prerequisite: None
    Note: Mandatory attendance for a theatrical performance will be required during the term of the class.  
    Students will study acting fundamentals and techniques by exploring movement, characterization and improvisation. Dramatic plays, playwriting, and voice work will also be incorporated. These studies will culminate in the presentation of memorized scenes and a final monologue performance. Other opportunities include auditioning for the school play, the musical, forensics, impromptu team, or working backstage for stage crew. 

     

    Drama II – Acting for the Stage
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3053-1
    Prerequisite: Drama I
    Note: Mandatory attendance for a theatrical performance is required during the term of the class.  
    Students will explore dramatic elements such as comedy and the power of storytelling coupled with play analysis and the rehearsal process, ending with a student produced final production. Other opportunities include auditioning for the school play, musical, forensics, impromptu team, or working backstage for stage crew. 

    Advanced Drama A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3054-4
    Prerequisites: Drama I and II
    Scheduling Note: It is recommended that these courses are taken sequentially for the purpose of developing ensemble.
    Students will develop their acting skills in an intense classroom setting. Students will work on advancing their improv skills and developing ensemble. The actors will examine the script writing process and script selection while working to advance their auditioning and directing techniques. The first section of the course will culminate in a workshop or performance.

    Advanced Drama B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3054-5
    Prerequisite: Advanced Drama A
    This course is a continuation of Advanced Drama A with a concentrated focus on creating an audition portfolio, scene study, and finally, writing, directing, and acting in a final public performance piece. 

    Advanced Drama C
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3054-6
    Prerequisite: Advanced Drama B
    This course is a continuation of Advanced Drama B with a concentrated focus on creating an audition portfolio, scene study, and finally, writing, directing, and acting in a final public performance piece.

    Forensics
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3055-1
    Prerequisite: None
    Scheduling Note: May be elected more than once
    Students will master the techniques for competition in individual speaking events including humorous, dramatic and multiple reading, extemporaneous speaking, oratory, and informative speaking. Participation at local-level competitions is required.

    Public Speaking
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3060-1
    Prerequisite: None
    This course offers the student strategies and skills on how to become a better, more articulate speaker. Each student will present individual speeches throughout this course and learn how to critique themselves as well as their peers. Preparation includes research, outlining, and writing. This class is recommended for students interested in Debate.

    Slam Poetry: Writing and Performance
    [MAC] Visual, Performing & Applied Arts
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3061-1
    Prerequisite: None
    Site: Kalamazoo Central High School
    A course of study in advanced poetry writing, with an emphasis on oral interpretation. This class will teach students how to develop individual poems based on life experience, current events, political trends, and social interaction. Students will then learn a variety of reading and performance techniques designed to accentuate the quality of their written work.

    ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL)
    A maximum of one (1.0) English credit may be substituted by an ESL credit, with ESL taking the place of one required English course. Additional ESL courses may be used as elective credits. Students may take ESL courses for one, two or three trimesters.

    ESL - Introductory Level A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3510-7
    Prerequisite:  Must have approval of the bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    This is a course of intensive English language instruction designed for students who are dominant in a language other than English and who place at level 1 or 2 on the WIDA (the English Language Proficiency Assessment). Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills are developed with an emphasis on listening and speaking.

    ESL - Introductory Level B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3510-8
    Prerequisite: Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    This course is a continuation of Introductory ESL A, and continues to provide intensive English language instruction for students who are dominant in a language other than English and who place at level 1 or 2 on the WIDA (the English Language Proficiency Assessment). Students will continue to develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Students begin to study literature, writing, and grammar with the support of a variety of strategies. The writing process is introduced.

    ESL - Introductory Level C 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3510-9
    Prerequisite: Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    This course is a continuation of Introductory ESL B, and focuses on intensive English language instruction for students who are dominant in a language other than English, and who place at level 1 or 2 on WIDA (the English Language Proficiency Assessment). Students continue to develop listening and speaking skills and study literature, writing, and grammar with the support of a variety of strategies. The writing process, including organizational skills, content, and mechanics is taught.

    ESL - Intermediate Level A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3520-7
    Prerequisite: Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    Students continue to strengthen their academic listening and speaking skills and begin to interpret and analyze different genres of literature. Students develop their analytical skills in order to complete narrative, descriptive, and expository writing.

    ESL - Intermediate Level B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3520-8
    Prerequisite: Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students 
    Students continue to refine their academic listening and speaking skills, and improve their abilities to interpret and analyze different genres of literature. Students further develop their analytical skills in order to complete narrative, descriptive, and expository writing.  

    ESL - Intermediate Level C
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3520-9
    Prerequisite: Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students 
    Students continue to improve their abilities to interpret and analyze different genres of literature. Students further develop their analytical skills in order to complete narrative, descriptive, and expository writing.  The emphasis is on academic writing, as well as projects, research, and oral presentations.

    ESL - Advanced Level A
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3530-7
    Prerequisite: Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    Students continue to develop their academic vocabulary. A major objective is the study of literature, including drama, poetry, short stories, novels, and nonfiction. Students begin to analyze literature for voice, style, and author’s point of view, and use multiple sources to extend writing.  

    ESL - Advanced Level B
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3530-8
    Prerequisite:  Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    Students analyze literature for voice, style, and author’s point of view and use multiple sources to extend writing. They are expected to complete analytical papers, expository essays, and research writing. The writing process, including organizational skills, style, mechanics, and content, is applied to all areas of student writing.

    ESL - Advanced Level C
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course #: 3530-9
    Prerequisite: Approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    Course components include studying a variety of texts, communicating ideas, and information in written and verbal forms, organizing resources, problem solving, participating in groups, following and giving directions, presenting a point of view, and using appropriate technology.

    Communication Enrichment Skills (CES) 
    2 Trimesters - 1.0 Credit
    Course #: 3502-45
    Prerequisite: Must have approval of bilingual staff and Dean of Students
    This course offers supplemental instruction to English language learners who need to move beyond ESL classes. It provides an emphasis on building content area skills. Students are introduced to learning strategies and study skills to help them experience academic success. The writing process, including organizational skills, style, mechanics, and content is applied to all areas of student writing. Students also learn strategies for becoming an effective speaker and complete a career exploration component.

    Bilingual Academic Instructional Center 
    1 Trimester - 0.5 Credit
    Course#: 3501-456
    Prerequisite: Must have approval of bilingual Staff and Dean of Students 
    Scheduling Note: This course may be taken for up to three trimesters if approved.
    This course is intended to provide the additional support that some English Language Learners (ELLs) need to perform successfully in content area classes. It is designed to help students improve their reading comprehension and fluency. It will provide individualized instruction and introduce learning strategies that will promote academic success. Instruction in reading and writing will be stressed. Coursework includes career and college exploration and the use of problem solving techniques. It is recommended that students who fall below a 2.0 GPA take this class.