Student Searches

  • Student Searches

    To maintain an orderly educational environment and to protect the health and safety of students and school staff members, Kalamazoo Public Schools retains control over lockers and desks and reserves the right to inspect them at any time without notice or student consent.  School personnel possess the authority to search a student and/or his or her effects, including a motor vehicle, whenever there is reasonable suspicion that the student may be in possession of harmful, illegal, contraband, or unauthorized materials.  As used in this code, the term “unauthorized” means any item dangerous to the health or safety of students or school personnel, or disruptive of any lawful function, mission, or process of the school, or any item described as unauthorized in school rules available beforehand to the student.

     

    Personal Searches – A student’s person and/or personal effects (purse, book bag, etc.) may be searched whenever a school authority has reasonable suspicion that the student is in possession of illegal or unauthorized materials. If a hands-on search of a student’s person is conducted, it will be conducted in private by a school official of the same sex and with an adult witness present.

    If the school official has reasonable suspicion that the student has on his or her person an item imminently dangerous to the student or to others, a more intrusive search of the student’s person may be conducted.  Such a search may only be conducted in private by a school official of the same sex, with an adult witness of the same sex present, and only upon prior approval of the superintendent or his/her designee, unless the health or safety of students will be endangered by the delay which might be caused by following these procedures.

     

    Locker Searches – Student lockers are school property and remain at all times under the control of the school; however, students are expected to assume full responsibility for the security of their lockers.

    Periodic general inspections of lockers may be conducted by school authorities for any reason, at any time, without notice, without student consent and without a search warrant.

     

    Vehicle Searches – Students are permitted to park motor vehicles on school premises as a matter of privilege.  The school retains authority to conduct routine patrols of student parking lots and inspections of student motor vehicles on school property.  The interiors of student vehicles may be inspected whenever a school authority has any reason to believe that illegal or unauthorized materials are contained inside.  Such patrols and inspections may be conducted without notice, without student consent and without a search warrant.


    Seizure of Illegal Materials – If a properly conducted search yields illegal or contraband materials, such finding shall be turned over to proper legal authorities for ultimate disposition.